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Etymology of name
Sarasvatī is worshipped as the goddess of knowledge and the arts such as literature, music, painting and poetry, but also of truth, forgiveness, healing and births.
Sarasvati is a stereo amplifier with an output triode 2A3 MESH EMISSION LABS, inductive coupling, one gain stage/driver, made with high trans-conductance triode and input transformer Clinamen translator/insulator. All the Clinamen techniques based on the natural path of sound are used; viz. the simplest possible design methods which exploits the intrinsic linearity of the active components enhanced by magnetic elements of outstanding class. We can mention, for example, the ‘Electrolytic Less’ technology, the fixed bias and the plate triodes with metal mesh.
We have been able to obtain an integrated amplifier with great musicality which honors the name it bears; great aesthetic taste and an overall compact size.
But let’s analyze the circuit topology in detail.
The scheme develops on a single-ended circuit, zero feedback, with polarization of the stages all with fixed bias. As usual for Clinamen the active stages are the minimum required to achieve the result, thus only one driver stage built around an EC8010, high trans-conductance triode with unidirectional plate.
The power supplied to EC8010 is stabilized via a gas-charged valve, therefore with no feedback system. The anodic coil of the EC8010 is made of an ultra-large nucleus Custom Clinamen Permalloy coil, geometrically symmetrical in order to avoid picking up induced noises.
On the advantages of the inductive anodic load as opposed to the resistive one a lot has already been said; this is not the place to go back to it. I will just mention that on an electrical level it allows us to push the final triode in class A2, thus having a greater power transfer, an instantaneous recovery from overload and exploiting as much as possible the trans-conductance of the valve. On the sound it translates into greater micro and macro dynamics, smaller nuances and a much greater sense of realism, especially when the coils are built with high permeability quality materials, such as the Custom Clinamen.
In input we have a Vacoperm transformer, also with ultra-large nucleus and symmetrical design. It is shielded by a Mu-metal container for maximum noiselessness.
The gain in tension offered by the input transformer allows a good sensitivity of the amplifier, which is 400mV for the maximum power.
Speaking of power supply, we can say that the 50 Hz network sinusoid is converted in a 100 Hz sawtooth through a direct heating diode 5U4G. The levelling of the sawtooth is carried out through a DOUBLE inductive filter, implemented with only polypropylene condensers (Electrolytic Less). The quality of such power supply is crucial to achieve the performance of which Sarasvati is capable.
Incredibly low is the output noise, lower than 0.6 mV RMS, result of an advanced masses layout.
The wiring is point to point, made with silver plated copper and Teflon insulation cables; the soldering is implemented with 4% Silver WBT.
The structure is a 30mm Padouk wood frame, CNC made to allow the insertion of carbon fiber lining which supports RCA and network socket. The upper plate is made from 3mm carbon fiber, which guarantees resistance, beauty and excellent sound. All the drilling is carried out with our CNC machine. The frame is thoroughly impregnated with natural shellac to feed the wood and enhance its natural grain. The finishing is implemented with natural wax.
Sarasvati can drive speakers with a sensitivity of 90 dB/w/m and above with great dynamics and emotion. The coupling with all Clinamen speakers is particularly successful.
It is a listening experience to be made…along the natural path of Sound.
Below are the measurements performed on Sarasvati. The load is 6.8 ohm resistive. The sinusoids related to the powers of 1 Watt RMS, 3 Watts RMS (border of the class A1) and 4.5 Watts RMS (class A2 thrust) are reported. The Fourier analyzes of harmonic distortion are also reported with respect to these power levels. We emphasize the very low distortion rate, if we consider the nature single ended 0 feedback with small triode of power implemented. Then follow the answers to the square wave, also these really excellent if we consider that two signal transformers plus an inductive coupling are crossed. Finally the sinusoid is reported at 20 Hz at 3 Watts, which highlights the goodness and the dimensioning of the output transformer (waveform distortions are not seen).
|Sinusoide 1KHz ad 1Watt RMS|
FFT a 1 KHz 1 Watt RMS.
THD totale= 0,7%
|Sinusoide 1KHz ad 3Watt RMS|
FFT a 1 KHz 3 Watt RMS.
THD totale= 1,2%
|Sinusoide 1KHz ad 4,5 Watt RMS|
FFT a 1 KHz 4,5 Watt RMS.
THD totale= 3,4%
|Sinusoide 20 Hz ad 3 Watt RMS|
|FFT 30 Hz 1 Watt RMS|
|Square Wave 1 KHz|
|Square wave 10 KHz|